Actness Curve Model
By Professor Hashem Kilani
Our brain contains somewhere in the ballpark of 86-100 billion neurons. About half of those neurons are located in your cerebellum, which coordinates muscular activity When the required learning is much greater than the average capacity of the brain can handle, which will lead to stress. It has been said that the muscles can be trained but not the brain. But when we train our muscles we train and improve our brain.
However, when brain capacity is expanded, input and output flow more smoothly. Thus, learning, knowledge, imagination, creativity and talent are easily enhanced. This in itself provides a foundation for a happy and successful life. To this end, brain exercises were created to make higher use of the entire upper, middle and lower brain, and more importantly, coordination between the left brain and right brain.
The past century has witnessed a remarkable development in the concept of human aging. Transitional periods of this age were considered to be retirement time, and had no benefit in society, but changed to a more complex vision of what it meant to grow in age at the present time. It is difficult to imagine any area that reflects this revolution more clearly than sports and physical activity, an area previously thought to be beyond the reach of older persons. Successful aging is characterized by high cognitive performance (mental and physical).
Aging is often associated with a significant reduction in neuromuscular function and performance. Autophagy also causes degenerative changes in mammalian tissue similar to those associated with aging. Sarcopenia is a term used to describe the age associated with loss of muscle mass and skeletal. It is now commonly used to describe age-related changes occurring within the muscles and skeletons, and thus include the effects of changing the central and peripheral nervous system.
Persistent evidence of nervous decline in older people has led to a great interest in age-related individual factors in intellectual integration. In this context, the evaluation of cardiorespiratory fitness, heart rate variability (HRV) provides the function keys of the autonomic nervous system and electrical activity of the heart that accompany with cardiac risk. The heart rate variability (HRV) is a physiological phenomenon of difference in the length of the variance between two consecutive heart beats to the peak of the QRS complex of the ECG. It is measured by the alteration in the interval between strike and strike. New techniques for prediction Readiness position from HRV is called OMEGA WAVE. (Morris, 2014(.
In fact, the loss of heart rate fluctuation can indicate acute cardiovascular disease and can predict the credibility of those dangerous factors to the human because of that condition. Research also found a positive relationship between HRV reduction and cognitive function, also concluded that HRV was an excellent indicator of nonverbal tone modification through cognitive therapy, and high HRV values, and best cognitive performance.
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It is common knowledge that the muscles, bones, and heart need physical activities and training and targeted to improve one of the elements of fitness or the total components of fitness and the brain is not different in terms of fitness, where active physical exercise. The reason is through learning (understanding and memory), etc., and doing physical exercises: New neurons grow. New elements are being formed and new networks are being built. To understand the work of the brain one needs a high challenge because the work of the brain needs energy: glucose and oxygen are called chemical reactions to provide energy metabolism. Our body needs to move, the brain needs an activity to be improved control of our body, provides a better quality of life, and disease-free. The picture below shows the relationship between brain, body, and physical activity.
Brain exercises can also renew brain cells that are concentrated in the Hippocampus, which include learning and memory. Neurotransmitters also act as synapses between brain cells and between muscle cells and musculoskeletal receptors in muscles, tendons, and ligaments, leading to enhanced coordination and motor flow. These exercises vary from easy to difficult, and different exercises vary according to goal and outcome. There are exercises that focus on improving memory, others are concerned with improving creativity and using the senses, some enrich thinking and develop intelligence by performing the brain functions as efficiently in the Hippocampus and the middle brain.
The commitment to brain training for children with learning disabilities helps spelling, writing, and reading through coordination between the left and right brain, improves balance and motor neuromuscular compatibility, and reduces stress for the elderly and autistic spectrum patients. It generally supports focus, attention, language, visual space functions, and cognitive and executive functions of the brain. There are assets to learn and apply exercises properly and according to the target's need.
Ph.D. in kinesiology, University of Illinois, Urbana- Champaign, Illinois, USA.
University of Jordan